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Photo of Westland, James Christopher

James Christopher Westland


Department of Information and Decision Sciences

Pronouns: He/Him/His


Building & Room:

UH 2403


601 S. Morgan St., Chicago, IL 60607

Office Phone:

(312) 996-2323

Related Sites:


I am currently Professor in the Department of Information & Decision Sciences at the University of Illinois Chicago. I have a BA in Statistics and an MBA in Accounting from Indiana University and received my PhD in Computers and Information Systems from the University of Michigan. I have professional experience in the US as a certified public accountant and as a consultant in technology law in the US, Europe, Latin America and Asia. I am the author of numerous academic papers and of nine books: Audit Analytics (Springer 2020), Structural Equation Modeling (2nd ed. Springer 2019); Global Electronic Commerce (MIT Press 2000); Global Innovation Management (Palgrave Macmillan 2nd ed 2017); Red Wired: China’s Internet Revolution (Marshall Cavendish, 2010); Structural Equation Modeling (Springer 2015); Financial Dynamics (Wiley 2003); Valuing Technology (Wiley 2002) and Statistical Auditing with R (forthcoming 2018). I am the Editor-in-Chief of Electronic Commerce Research (Springer) and have served on editorial boards of several other information technology journals including Management Science, ISR, ECRA, IJEC, and others. I have served on the faculties at the University of Michigan, University of Southern California, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, Harbin Institute of Technology and other academic institutions. In 2012 I received High-Level Foreign Expert status in China under the 1000-Talents Plan and am currently Overseas Chair Professor at Beihang University. I have advised on patent, valuation and technology strategy for numerous technology firms.

Selected Grants

U.S. Department of State, Fulbright Specialist Roster, Appointed

Selected Publications


“Determinants of Liquidity in Cryptocurrency Markets”, Digital Finance” needs to be updated to include the full citation “Westland, J.C. Determinants of liquidity in cryptocurrency markets. Digit Finance 5, 261–293 (2023).


Audit Analytics: Data Science for the Accounting Profession (in R. Gentleman, et al. “Use R!” series), Springer 2021; 2nd edition 2024

Structural Equation Modeling: from paths to networks (book), Springer, 2nd edition (2019); reviewed in Sarstedt, Marko, and Christian M. Ringle. “Structural Equation Models” Psychometrika (2020): 1-4.

Global Innovation Management: A Strategic Approach (book) (2nd ed.) London: Palgrave / Macmillan 2018.


PLS Papers, Electronic Commerce Research 23 (3), 1361-1366, 2023

“Determinants of Liquidity in Cryptocurrency Markets”, Digital Finance, forthcoming

“Information loss and bias in Likert survey responses,” Plos one, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0271949, July 2022

“A Comparative Study of Frequentist vs. Bayesian A/B Testing in the Detection of E-Commerce Fraud,” Journal of Electronic Business & Digital Economics, October 2022

“Trade informativeness and liquidity in Bitcoin markets,” Plos one, 16(8), e0255515. (2021)

“Assessing Privacy and Security of Information Systems from Audit Data,” Information Systems Frontiers, 1-18. (2021)

“20 years of Electronic Commerce Research,” Electronic Commerce Research, 21(1), 1-40. (2021) (w/ Kumar, S., Lim, W. M., Pandey, N.)

“When all Products are Digital: Complexity and Intangible Value in the Ecosystem of Digitizing Firms,” Information Systems Research (forthcoming 2021) (w/ Pouya Rahmati, Ali Tafti and Cesar Hidalgo)

“Understanding Characteristics of Popular Streamers on Live Streaming Platforms: Evidence from,” Journal of the AIS, forthcoming 2020 (with K. Zhao, Y. Hu)

“Microlending on mobile social credit platforms: an exploratory study using Philippine loan contracts,” Electronic Commerce Research, 20(1), 173-196. (2020). (w/ Mou, J., Phan, T. Q., & Tan, T.)

“Predicting credit card fraud with Sarbanes-Oxley Assessments and Fama-French Risk Factors,” Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance and Management, 27(2), 95-107. (2020)

“The information content of Sarbanes-Oxley in predicting security breaches,” Computers & Security. 2020 Mar 1;90:101687

“Demand cycles and market segmentation in bicycle sharing,” Information Processing & Management 56.4 (2019): 1592-1604 (with Jian Mou, and Dafei Yin)

“A two-sided matching model in the context of B2B export cross-border e-commerce,” Electronic Commerce Research 19.4 (2019): 841-861 (with Miao, Yumeng, et al.)

“Microlending on mobile social credit platforms: an exploratory study using Philippine loan contracts,” Electronic Commerce Research (2019): 1-24 (with Mou, Jian, et al.)

“Convolutional Neural Network Deep-Learning Models for Prediction of Shared Bicycle Demand,” International Conference on Applications and Techniques in Cyber Security and Intelligence. Springer, Cham, 2018 (with Jian Mou, and Dafei Yin)

“Methods to assess the value of new technologies: The case of consumer sentiment towards digital wallet technology,” Data-Enabled Discovery and Applications 1.1 (2017): 2

“An empirical investigation of analytical procedures using mixture distributions,” J Christopher Westland – Intelligent Systems in Accounting and Auditing, 2017

“Substitutes, complements and network effects in instant messaging services,” (JC Westland, JX Hao, X Xiao, S Shan), Networks and Spatial Economics 16.2 (2016): 525-543

Professional Leadership

Editor-in-Chief, Electronic Commerce Research (2013-present), Impact factor: 3.9; acceptance rate: 14%; articles/yr: ~140; downloads: ~250K/yr

Notable Honors

2012 - 2015, High-Level Foreign Expert status in China, 1000-Talents Plan


PhD, Computers & Information Systems, University of Michigan, 1987
MBA, Accounting, Indiana University, 1973
BA, Mathematics (Physics & Chemistry minors), Indiana University, 1971
Languages: English, Mandarin Chinese

Licensures and Certifications

  • Appointment to the Fulbright Specialist Roster by the U.S. Department of State
  • Certified Public Accountant (Illinois License 065.035982)
  • Beta Gamma Sigma (Business Honorary Society)
  • Mensa International; American Mensa

Professional Memberships

Certified Public Accountant (Illinois License 065.035982)